I anledningen af sit såkaldte fredsår i 1986, vedtog FN’s magtfulde organisation for kultur, videnskab og undervisning (UNESCO) på et møde i den spanske by Sevilla en erklæring, hvori man bl.a. påstår, at “Warfare is a peculiarly human phenomenon and does not occur in other animals.”
Chimpanzees and humans have one key trait in common – both are natural born killers, scientists have shown.
Evidence suggests our closest animal relatives have an almost psychopathic tendency towards violence and slaughter that is not the result of human interference.
A widely held theory is that chimps only turn on each other when humans disrupt their forest habitats or food supplies.
The new research indicates this is wishful thinking. In reality, chimps fight and kill to get what they want and ”eliminate rivals”, say the authors.
Competing groups of the animals go to war over resources such as territory, food or mates, the study found.
And, just as in human conflict, it is often the innocent who are the victims. In the violent clashes investigated by the scientists, nursing infants were frequently killed, sometimes after being snatched from their mothers.